the Underground Railroad
Park Service provides a list of sites and their locations that
relate to the Undergrounf Railroad.
African-American Experience in Ohio: Selections from the Ohio
of manuscript and printed text and images drawn from the collections
of the Ohio Historical Society illuminates the history of black
Ohio from 1850 to 1920, a story of slavery and freedom, segregation
and integration, religion and politics, migrations and restrictions,
harmony and discord, and struggles and successes.
Presentation of the Library of Congress exhibition, The African-American
Odyssey: A Quest for Full Citizenship, showcases the Library's
incomparable African-American collections. The presentation was
not only a highlight of what is on view in this major black history
exhibition, but also a glimpse into the Library's vast African-American
collections. Both include a wide array of important and rare books,
government documents, manuscripts, maps, musical scores, plays,
films, and recordings.
American Perspectives: Pamphlets from the Daniel A. P. Murray
The Daniel A.
P. Murray Pamphlet Collection presents a panoramic and eclectic
review of African-American history and culture, spanning almost
one hundred years from the early nineteenth through the early twentieth
centuries, with the bulk of the material published between 1875
and 1900. Among the authors represented are Frederick Douglass,
Booker T. Washington, Ida B. Wells-Barnett, Benjamin W. Arnett,
Alexander Crummel, and Emanuel Love.
Sheet Music, 1850-1920: Selected from the Collections of Brown
consists of 1,305 pieces of African-American sheet music dating
from 1850 through 1920. The collection includes many songs from
the heyday of antebellum black face minstrelsy in the 1850s and
from the abolitionist movement of the same period. Numerous titles
are associated with the novel and the play Uncle Tom's Cabin. Civil
War period music includes songs about African-American soldiers
and the plight of the newly emancipated slave. Post-Civil War music
reflects the problems of Reconstruction and the beginnings of urbanization
and the northern migration of African Americans. African-American
popular composers include James Bland, Ernest Hogan, Bob Cole,
James Reese Europe, and Will Marion Cook. Twentieth century titles
feature many photographs of African-American musical performers,
often in costume.
Missionary Association and the Promise of a Multicultural America:
1839-1954 provides online access to original archival documents
preserved at the Amistad Research Center. The digital timeline
describes the events of the historical Amistad Event, the subsequent
founding of America's largest missionary society and details the
development of its visionary committment to solve America's social
problems: e.g. slavery; the plight of the ex-slaves; the treatment
of Native Americans; equal protection for all; assimilation of
the immigrant populations and meeting the needs of peoples in foreign
The Art of African Game
oh-wah-ruh) is a game that has its origins in Ethiopia. There are
a number of variations including Awale and Wari. The game is played
with a hollow wood plank and some stones or seeds. Because it is
a strategy game, you may want to tie it into problem-solving lessons.
Awale, an elegant shareware program, is designed for both Macintosh
and Windows. A trial copy can be downloaded for review.
in Slavery: Slave Narratives from the Federal Writers' Project,
Born in Slavery:
Slave Narratives from the Federal Writers' Project, 1936-1938 contains
more than 2,300 first-person accounts of slavery and 500 black-and-white
photographs of former slaves.
Americans: Portraits by Carl Van Vechten, 1932-1964
The Carl Van
Vechten Photographs Collection at the Library of Congress consists
of 1,395 photographs taken by American photographer Carl Van Vechten
(1880-1964) between 1932 and 1964. The bulk of the collection consists
of portrait photographs of celebrities, including many figures
from the Harlem Renaissance. A much smaller portion of the collection
is an assortment of American landscapes.
Durable Memento: Portraits by Augustus Washington
(1820/21 1875) is one of the few African American daguerreotypists
whose work has been identified. He opened a studio in Hartford
Connecticut and then, in Liberia where he prospered.
Wilson -- So Much to Paint
born in Kentucky, was an artist who was prominant during the 1930s
and 1940s. His work reflected the everyday life of black people.
On this website, you will find a gallery of his art, his biography,
a timeline, and additional resources.
Frederick Douglass Papers at the Library of Congress
Douglass Papers at the Library of Congress presents the papers
of the nineteenth-century African-American abolitionist who escaped
from slavery and then risked his own freedom by becoming an outspoken
antislavery lecturer, writer, and publisher.
Slavery to Freedom
to Freedom: The African-American Pamphlet Collection, 1824-1909
presents 397 pamphlets from the Rare Book and Special Collections
Division, published from 1824 through 1909, by African-American
authors and others who wrote about slavery, African colonization,
Emancipation, Reconstruction, and related topics.
Journey Through Art With W. H. Johnson
(1901-1970), a major figure in 20th-century American Art, studied
at the National Academy of Design in New York. Prior to World War
II he spent time learning from European artists in southern France.
You are invited to journey through a chronological timeline of
Johnsonís works. In this series of colorful paintings, you can
observe how his style evolved. The "Fighters for Freedom" collection
depicts famous men and women who were leaders in the quest for
racial equality. In "Scenes from City Life and Country Life," universal
themes are portrayed that touch the human spirit. Activities for
elementary students, such as creating a self-portrait, planning
a make-believe trip, or writing a story about one of the paintings,
accompany each page.
Luther King, Jr.
Times" article commemorating the 30th anniversary of his death.
Underground Railroad Freedom Center
Underground Railroad Freedom Center will open on the banks of the
Ohio River in downtown Cincinnati, Ohio, in the summer of 2004.
Using the Underground Railroad as a lens through which to explore
a range of freedom issues, the Freedom Center offers lessons and
reflections on what freedom has meant in the past, means to today
and will mean tomorrow.
What a Time": Blues, Gospel, and the Fort Valley Music
a Time": Blues, Gospel, and the Fort Valley Music Festivals,
1938-1943 consists of approximately one hundred sound recordings,
primarily blues and gospel songs, and related documentation from
the folk festival at Fort Valley State College (now Fort Valley
State University), Fort Valley, Georgia. The documentation was
created by John Wesley Work III in 1941 and by Lewis Jones and
Willis Laurence James in March, June, and July 1943. Also included
are recordings made in Tennessee and Alabama (including six Sacred
Harp songs) by John Work between September 1938 and 1941.
on Black History
1940, African Americans were recognized on U.S. postage stamps
for their contributions and achievements in a variety of areas.
This beautiful collection contains a picture of each stamp and
information about the featured individual. There are word searches,
puzzles, coloring pages, recipes, writing, and math activities
that tie-in to the curriculum. Spark the interest of your reluctant
students by visiting this fun site.
Take a journey
on the underground railroad on this interactive Web site. Learn
about the routes, the hardships, and the miles that had to be traveled
to reach freedom. Classroom ideas are provided for all grade levels.
P. Gottlieb: Photographs from the Golden Age of Jazz
During the course
of his career, Gottlieb took portraits of prominent jazz musicians
and personalities, including Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, Charlie
Parker, Billie Holiday, Dizzy Gillespie, Earl Hines, Thelonious
Monk, Stan Kenton, Ray McKinley, Benny Goodman, Coleman Hawkins,
Ella Fitzgerald, and Benny Carter. This online collection presents
Gottlieb's photographs, annotated contact prints, selected published
prints, and related articles from Down Beat magazine.
Over 20,000 short
biographies plus videoclips and programming.
This site is
brought to us by the Anne Frank Center USA which also sponsors
a traveling exhibit and the Spirit of Anne Frank Awards. Most will
be visiting this page for information about Anne Frank and the
photographs that accompany Her Life and Times. Publishing history
of her diary with excerpts are a wonderful tribute to her memory
and ordeal of the millions who perished in the Holocaust during
Hitler's reign over Germany.
Civil War Home Page - Starting Point
One of the most
comprehensive lists of links to Civil War related material.
of Assassination - American Treasures of the Library of Congress
from the Library of Congress shows the content of Lincolnís pockets
at the time of his assassination.
War Maps - American Treasures of the Library of Congress
One example from
Jedediah Hotchkiss (1828-1899), a topographic engineer found in
the Confederate States Army who prepared maps and provided geographic
intelligence for Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson, Robert E. Lee,
Richard Ewell, Jubal Early, and John B. Gordon.
material from Duke University about women and their role in the
Civil War. Included are diaries and photographs.
from the Continental Congress and the Constitutional Convention,
Congress Broadside Collection (253 titles) and the Constitutional
Convention Broadside Collection (21 titles) contain 274 documents
relating to the work of Congress and the drafting and ratification
of the Constitution. Items include extracts of the journals of
Congress, resolutions, proclamations, committee reports, treaties,
and early printed versions of the United States Constitution and
the Declaration of Independence. Most Broadsides are one page in
length, others range from 1 to 28 pages.
Horton (ca. 1797-ca.1883) was a Chatham County, N.C., slave who
taught himself to read and compose poetry. By the age of twenty,
he began visiting the University of North Carolina and selling
the students acrostic love poems based on the names of their girlfriends.
His literary efforts were encouraged by a number of well-placed
individuals, including the novelist Caroline Lee Hentz, N.C. Governor
and later University President David L. Swain, and newspaperman
the Library of Congress with drafts of the Gettysburg Address,
translation in twenty-eight languages, and the only known photograph
of Lincoln at Gettysburg.
from an Iowa Soldier in the Civil War
This is a collection
of letters written by Newton Robert Scott to Hannah Cone about
his personal experiences during the Civil War.
and Music of the War Between the States
Midi files are
used to deliver musical renditions of Civil War tunes.
Civil War Photographs - American Memory Collection
photographs of battlefields and people.
States of the united States
about each state.
Landform Atlas of the United States
The Color Landform
Atlas of the United States supplies a topographic and county outline
map for each state except Alaska and Hawaii.
Your Way with Map and Compass
Survey explanation of how to use a map and compass together to
get from one point to another.
to Use a Compass
take you through three lessons starting with the rudiments of directions,
then moving on to compass and map interaction to more complex magnetic
Machine - National Geographic
for locating geographical areas.
Create your own
travel map with MapQuest.
Library Map Collection
Hundreds of maps
are available from the University of Texas at Austin, which houses
the Perry-Castañeda Library (PCL) collection, a good source
for contemporary and historical material. Since the PCL maps have
no copyright, they can be downloaded and used for any purpose.
Search the constitution
by keyword or topic. There is an explanation that gives further
details about the item along with viewpoints. In addition you can
look up famous Supreme Court cases and find information about them.
This is a great resource for civics classes.
collect and preserve information about the First Ladies. Contains
links to photographs and biographical information about the First
Ladies and information about the organization.
This is the official
government gateway to information about state and federal agencies.
starting point for government information.
Gallery of paintings and information about the Presidents.
of Politics Out Loud
The History of
Politics Out Loud site is a searchable archive of significant audio
materials such as speeches by Martin Luther King, Jr., Frankilin
Roosevelt, and Richard Nixon.
Home of Thomas Jefferson
Explore a Day
in the Life of Thomas Jefferson, then compare and contrast your
day. You will find all sorts of interesting facts about gardening,
foods, office instruments, and much more.
Visit the home
of George Washington and explore the grounds. Discover artifacts
that represent the time period. Learn about our first president
and his impact on America.
Parknet is a
comprehensive directory of the National Park Service. Information
includes address, telephone number, hours of operation, directions,
entrance fees, facilities, and more for each park. Ask a ranger,
this day in park history, naturenet, and links to the past are
a few of the other features you will want to use in your classroom..
of Presidents and First Ladies 1789-Present
Images of all
the presidents and most of the first ladies.
Links to Presidential
Library Web sites.
Follow the legislative
process of current bills in Congress, learn about how a bill becomes
a law, or find information about government.
S. Historical Documents
A very nice exhibit
of state flags can be found at the University of Oklahoma along
with a superb chronology of American historical documents.
S. House of Representatives
Tour the U.S.
House of Representatives and find information about current members.
the United Nations and its programs.
Tour the U.S.
Senate and find information about current members.
tracks the records of politicians and provides useful election information.
On the White
House web server, you can listen to messages from the President
and Vice-President, learn about the First Family, leave a message
for the White House, and link to other government servers.
In words, pictures,
and sounds the American Memory Collection offers us the unique
opportunity to dig through original source material and bring living
history into our classrooms.
Ross Home Page
the American flag can be directed to The Betsy Ross site. It includes
her story, famous quotes, facts, timeline, picture gallery of the
flag in history, etiquette, trivia, and links to other places.
the People, For the People: Posters from the WPA, 1936-1943
The By the People,
For the People: Posters from the WPA, 1936-1943 collection consists
of 908 boldly colored and graphically diverse original posters
produced from 1936 to 1943 as part of Franklin Delano Roosevelt's
New Deal. Of the 2,000 WPA posters known to exist, the Library
of Congress's collection of more than 900 is the largest.
The story of
Valley Forge is presented along with other interesting information.
Lots of photographs
and chronological data on varing themes from American and World
high school and college teachers of U.S. History survey courses,
this site serves as a gateway to Web resources and offers unique
teaching materials, first-person primary documents and threaded
discussions on teaching U.S. history.
the Century: One Hundred Years of Photography from the National
Archives," commemorates the end of the 20th century with a
selection of photographs from the vast and varied holdings of the
National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). NARA photographs
vividly capture the sweeping changes of the last one hundred years.
They depict both the mundane and high political drama, society's
failings as well as its triumphs, war's ugliness as well as its
bravery. This exhibition is arranged in chronological "galleries" as
well as seven "portfolios" of talented photographers
well represented in NARA's holdings.
Star Spangled Banner
Visit the National
Museum of American History and learn about the flag that inspired
the Star Spangled Banner. There is information about its
preservation and an interpretive exhbit on flag history.
States Holocaust Memorial Museum
are included at this online exhibit of information about the Holocaust.
The Hidden History of the Kovno Ghetto shows how a people clandestinely
documented their history as a leagacy to generations to come. The
Spirit of St. Louis tells the sad story of a group of Jewish refugees
on a ship that no country would accept. Now, stories are being
gathered from the survivors and their descendents. In addition
to the online exhibits, there is information about visiting the
Choose your own
adventures designed by a middle school teacher. Site contains lots
of photographs and descriptions. Popup windows may be annoying.
of the Holocaust
There are many
resources about the Holocaust, including journals of survivors,
historical perspectives, and witness facts.
Enter the embalmer's
workshop, where you are to prepare the body of Ramose, officer
to the king, for burial. When you have completed the game, try
building a pyramid.
A look back at
immigration through the voices and histories of immigrants.
Museum - New York at the turn of the century Personal
perspectives on the Tenement as history and housing.
read opinions, and learn about the highest court in the nat on.
the Asia Society, the site has a wealth lesson plans.
international projects, and research are only a few of the many links
The North American
Indian by Edward S. Curtis is one of the most significant and controversial
representations of traditional American Indian culture ever produced.
Mythica - Native American Mythology
The legend of
the Buffalo Dance is one of the many stories you can locate at
the Website. Browse through the various tribal names for more stories.
about Native American Tribes..
Music features traditional Omaha music from the 1890s and 1980s.
The multiformat ethnographic field collection contains 44 wax cylinder
recordings collected by Francis La Flesche and Alice Cunningham
Fletcher between 1895 and 1897, 323 songs and speeches from the
1983 Omaha harvest celebration pow-wow, and 25 songs and speeches
from the 1985 Hethu'shka Society concert at the Library of Congress.
The California Heritage is an online archive of more than 36,000 images illustrating California's history and culture, from the collections of the Bancroft Library. Selected from nearly two hundred individual collections, this unique resource uses the latest online archiving techniques to highlight the rich themes of California's history.
The Western History Collection at the Denver Public Library is recognized as one of the most significant collections of Western Americana in the country. The collection reflects all phases of development of the trans-Mississippi West, with strong focus on the Rocky Mountain West.
In words, pictures, and sounds the Library of Congress Collection offers us the unique opportunity to dig through original source material and bring living history into our classrooms.
The National Archives and Records Administration holds numerous records that pertain to his quest for equality, including letters and telegrams to Presidents Eisenhower, Kennedy, and Johnson. In one telegram to President Kennedy, Robinson implores him to make every effort to provide federal protection for Dr. Martin Luther King and his contingent who are attending the funeral of Medgar Evers in Mississippi.
The Ohio History Connection offers a number of online access points to learn more about our collections
Sources and Activities - National Archives
Document analysis is the first step in working with primary sources. Teach your students to think through primary source documents for contextual understanding and to extract information to make informed judgments.
the Plains in 1844
Pringle wrote her diary in 1860 about the journey from Missouri
to Oregon. She originally emigrated from Ohio with her family to
Missouri. She relates incidents on the trail, the poignant story
of her fatherís and motherís deaths, and her days in Indian captivity.
from William Todd - 1846
writes home about the tribulations of ascending mountains by literally "throwing
their wagons like handspikes." His reports were published
in the Sangamo Journal (Springfield, Ill.).
information, a brief history, and recipes about the buffalo.
Soldiers of the Western Frontier
Horse Museum presents the history of the Buffalo Soldiers beginning
As I Saw It: First Person Narratives of Californiaís Early
Years, 1849 - 1900
during California's development.
California Gold Country Highway 49 Revisited
Highway 49 and learn about the gold mining camps of yesteryear.
of the Prairies - Josiah Gregg
in 1844, this two volume book contains the travel stories of Josiah
Gregg, a Santa Fe trader. Chapters cover the origin and development
of the Santa Fe trade route, harnessing pack mules, and preparations
R Ranch: NAtional Cowboy and Western Heritage Museum
media (paintings, songs, games) students learn about cowboy like
and the West. Very clever delivery of the material.
Learn about the
tragic events surrounding the ill fated Donner Party using this
Web-based lesson developed by Education First, Pacific Bell Knowledge
Network. Students assume the roles of historian, cartographer,
diarist, correspondent, jester, provisioner, or scientist and complete
a series of activities using a series of hyperlinked sites.
A Hyperstudio template for publishing student projects compliments
the lesson and can be downloaded from the site.
Food on the oregon
Williams explains the background and history behind why specific
items were chosen. There is also a bibliography of references for
of the American West, 1860-1920: Photographs from the Collection
of the Denver Public Library
Over 30,000 photographs,
drawn from the holdings of the Western History and Genealogy Department
at Denver Public Library, illuminate many aspects of the history
of the American West. Most of the photographs were taken between
1860 and 1920. They illustrate Colorado towns and landscape, document
the place of mining in the history of Colorado and the West, and
show the lives of Native Americans from more than forty tribes
living west of the Mississippi River.
Whitman 1836 - 1847
Marcus Whitmanís efforts to set up a mission serving the Cayuse
Indians at Waiilatpu in the Walla Walla Valley, ends tragically
in November, 1847. Cultural misunderstandings and a series of unfortunate
events leads to an attack on the Whitmans that results in their
deaths. Narcissa Whitmanís letters home offer vivid reports
on frontier life..
and education regarding the California and Oregon Trails are the
primary concerns of this non-profit organization. The gallery of
trail photos, grave sites, emigrant stories, and facts are
highlights of their home page.
Trail Interpretive Center
about the role of Black Pioneers in the settlement of Oregon is
very informative. Included are a timeline of events, political
reactions, exclusion laws, and biographies. Another outstanding
feature of this Website is the series of articles written by Jim
Thompson about the massive migration of settlers. Samples include
Outfitting for the Trail, Life on the Trail, and Hardships on the
Trail was the route established in 1862. It avoided the Indian
uprisings that were occurring on the Oregon Trail farther north.
This was also became the main road for the Overland Stage Company.
Brief descriptions of stations, stops, and landmarks is presented
along with a host of links to pioneer stories, maps, and other
Barnes Marcy, a veteran soldier, wrote what one would consider
today as the definitive guide for travel on the overland trails.
He describes the advantages and disadvantages of the different
routes to California and Oregon and gives practical advice on everything
from daily itineraries to the treatment of rattlesnake bites.
Popular Demand: Votes for Women: Suffrage Pictures 1859 - 1920
Leaders of the
suffrage movement including, Cady Stanton, Julia Ward Howe, and
Mary Church Terrell.
Women of Past and Present
Links to biographies
of notable women who contributed to the society of their times.
This page was created by a DNA researcher who became interested
in women's studies.
Museum of Women in the Arts
View over 250
works by women artists from around the world in the museum's permanent
Womenís Hall of Fame
of 125 individuals.
Women's History Month Project
Lots of resources
for teaching about women, including organizations, women performers
in each state, and the annual themed Women in History Month materials
are available on this site.
for Women: Selections from the National American Suffrage Association
Susan B. Anthony, Carrie Chapman Catt, Julia Ward Howe, and others
involved in the suffrage movement.