Resources

Extensive research for background information and primary resources was accomplished by searching the collections of the Library of Congress and the National Archives. Other material was gleaned from the author's personal collection, the Web, and ebay which turned out to be a great place for finding artifacts such as postcards, engravings, and ephemera.

April 19, 1775

19 April, 1775. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web, http://history.vineyard.net//allen/AmFamilyChronicle/19April1775/19_Apr_pt1.htm. [Accounts of British and the controversy around pictorial representations]

Abigail S. Stafford, February 20, 1861 (Deposition on Battle of Lexington)
The Abraham Lincoln Papers at the Library of Congress. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web, http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=mal&fileName=mal1/074/0742300/malpage.db&recNum=0.

Battle at Lexington Green, 1775. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web, http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/lexington.htm. [Sylvanus Wood Eyewitness Account of the Battle of Lexington]

Bennett, Peter S. What Happened on Lexington Green? Parsippany, New Jersey: Dale Seymour Publications, 1970. [Eyewitness Accounts]

British Documents about April 19, 1775. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web, http://www.winthrop.dk/reports.html.
[Major John Pitcairn Eyewitness Account of the Battle of Lexington]

"Centennial Celebration of the Battle of Lexington, April 19, 1875." New Englander and Yale review. Volume 35, Issue 134, January 1876. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web,

A circumstantial account of an attack that happened on the 19th of April 1775, on his Majesty's troops. By a number of the people of the Province of Massachusetts Bay. On Tuesday the 18th of April, about half past 10 at night, Lieutenant Colonel Smith of the 10th regiment embarked from the Common at Boston, with the grenadiers and light infantry of the troops there, and landed on the opposite side, from whenie he began his march towards Concord . Boston, Printed by John Howe, 1775. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web.

The Drum - Battle of Lexington. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web, http://www.dimond.ca/geneology/TheDRUM.html. [Postcard of William Diamond's drum used to play the call to arms at the Battle of Lexington]

English, Thomas Dunn. "Fight At Lexington." Harper's new monthly magazine. Volume 20, Issue 119, April 1860. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web.. [Engraving of the Battle of Lexington]

Hudson, Eric. "The Concord Fight." Harper's new monthly magazine. Volume 50, Issue 300, May 1875. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web. [Map of Battle of Lexington, Engraving of Battle of Lexington, Engraving of Major Pitcairn]

Phinney, Elias. History of the Battle of Lexington, on the Morning of April 19, 1775. Boston: Phelps and Farnham, 1825. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web, http://books.google.com/books?id=qJYLAAAAIAAJ. [Engraving of the Battle of Lexington]

Old Barrack's Things to Do Music. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web, http://www.barracks.org. [Musket Fire, Drum Call]

Porter, E. G. Lexington Centennial Commission: Souvenir of 1775. Boston: James R. Osgood & Company, 1875. [Map of the Battle of Lexington]

Today in History April 19. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web, http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/apr19.html. [Lexington and Concord, Yankee Doodle History]

Tourtellot, Arthur Bernon. William Diamond's Drum: The Beginning of the War of the American Revolution. New York: Doubleday & Company, 1959. [Quotations]

U.S. National Park Service. Minute Man National Historical Park Massachusetts. Government Printing Office, 2001.

Boston Massacre

The Boston Massacre. Engraving after the painting by Alonzo Chappel. National Archives. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web,National Archives, search ARC using title.

Boston Massacre Trials. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web, http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/bostonmassacre/bostonmassacre.html.

Revere, Paul. The Bloody Massacre Perpetuated in King Street on March 5, 1770. Boston: 1770. Engraving. Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web.

The Trial of William Wemms…for the Murder of Crsipus Attucks… Boston: J. Fleeming, 1770. Law Library. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web, http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/treasures/trr046.html.

Boston Tea Party

Abbot, Francis F., "The Boston Tea Party." New England Magazine. June, 1893.
VOL. VIII. No. 4. George Hewes Engarving. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web, Library of Congress.

The Boston Tea Party, 1773. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web, http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/teaparty.htm. [George Hewes Eyewitness Account]

Boston Tea Party Ship and Museum. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web, http://www.bostonteapartyship.com/history.asp. [Quotes from King George III and Samuel Adams]

Cooper, W.D. "Boston Tea Party." The History of North America. London: E. Newberry, 1789. Engraving. Plate opposite p. 58. Rare Books and Special Collections Division, Library of Congress. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web, http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.gmd/g3764b.ar090000.

Christopher [sic] Attucks, the First to Shed Blood and That His Own for American Independence [detail of Afro-American Monument], color lithograph, Goes Lithograph Company, 1897. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web, http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/odyssey/archive/06/0601001r.jpg.

The Destruction of Tea at Boston Harbor. 1773. Copy of lithograph by Sarony & Major, 1846. National Archives. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web,National Archives, search ARC using title.

Lossing, Benson J. "Boston Tea-Party." Harper's new monthly magazine. Volume 4, Issue 19, December 1851. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web, Library of Congress.

Watson, Henry C. The Boston Tea Party and Other Stories of the American Revolution. Boston: Lee and Shepard, 1888.

Clothing

1768 Cloathing Warranet. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web, http://www.fifedrum.org/crfd/1768.htm.

A Colonial Gentleman's Clothing: A Glossary of Terms. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web, http://www.history.org/history/clothing/men/mglossary.cfm.

Costumes and Textiles Collection: Revolutionary Clothing. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web.

Memorial Hall Museum Dresses. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web, http://memorialhall.mass.edu/activities/rotate/index.html.

First Continental Congress

Bradford, W. and T. Philadelphia. In Congress, Thursday, September 22, 1774 : Resolved, that the Congress request the merchants and others, in the several colonies, not to send to Great Britain any orders for goods, and to direct the execution of all orders already sent, to be delayed or suspended, until the sense of the Congress, on the means to be taken for the preservation of the liberties of America, is made public. Continental Congress Broadside Collection (Library of Congress).

Cox, Allyn. First Continental Congress, 1774. Oil on Canvas. Architect of the Capitol. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web, http://www.aoc.gov/cc/art/cox_corr/g_exp/first_continental.cfm.

Literature

Emerson, Ralph Waldo. Concord Hymn. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web, National Park Service.

Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth. The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere graved and painted by Christopher Bing, Handprint Books, Brooklyn, New York.

Revere, Paul. Paul Revere's Ride. Retrieved January 20, 2003 from the World Wide Web, http://www.americanrevolution.org/revere.html.

Maps

Aitken, Robert. A new and correct plan of the town of Boston, and provincial camp. Aitken, sculp. Phildalphia, 1775. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web, Library of Congress.

De Costa, J. A plan of the town and harbour of Boston and the country adjacent with the road from Boston to Concord, shewing the place of the late engagement between the King's troops & the provincials, together with the several encampments of both armies in & about Boston. London, 1775. Map Division of The Library of Congress. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web, http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.gmd/g3764b.ar090000.

Page, Thomas Hyde. Boston, its environs and harbour, with the rebels works raised against that town in 1775, from the observations of Lieut. Page of His Majesty's Corps of Engineers, and from those of other gentlemen. Map Division of The Library of Congress. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web, http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.gmd/g3764b.ct000070.

Music

Drum Beaten at the Battle of Lexington. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web, http://www.dimond.ca/geneology/TheDRUM.html.

Folk Music of England, Scotland, Ireland, Wales and America.

History of Yankee Doodle. Library of Congress Today in History. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web, http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/apr19.html.

Loyalist and British Songs.Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web, http://www3.sympatico.ca/goweezer/theshack/songs.htm.

Old Barracks Fife and Drum. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web, http://www.barracks.org.

Original Yankee Doodle. America Singing: Nineteenth Century Somg Sheets. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web, http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?ammem/amss:@field(DOCID%2B@lit(cw106850)).

Ryder, James F. The Painter of "Yankee Doodle". The New England magazine. Volume 19, Issue 4, Dec 1895. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web, Library of Congress.

Spirit of '76. Archibald Willard. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web, http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/w/Archibald_Willardl.

Yanke Doodle. America Singing: Nineteenth Century Song Sheets.

People

Copley, John Singleton. John Hancock. Detroit Publishing Company Photograph Collection. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web, http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2005685653.

George III, King of Great Britain and Ireland [1802?] Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress. Cromek, R. H. (Robert Hartley), 1770-1812, engraver. The George Washington Papers Library of Congress. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web, http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/gwhtml/1775.html.

Paul Revere's Ride. Retrieved January 20, 2003 from the World Wide Web, http://www.americanrevolution.org/revere.html.

Stuart, Gilbert. John Adams, second President of the United States. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web, Library of Congress.

Trumbull, John. John Adams. Oil on canvas, 1793. National Portrait Gallery. Accessed at National ArchivesNovember 8, 2002.

Stamp Act

The Bostonian's Paying the Excise-Man, or Tarring & Feathering. Copy of mezzotint attributed to Philip Dawe, 1774., 1931 - 1932. National Archives. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web, National Archives, search ARC using title.

Proof Sheet of Id Stamp Duties for Newspapers,1765. Board of Inland Revenues Stamping Department Archive, Philatelic Collection, The British Library. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web, http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/british/brit-2.html.

The Stamp Act London, 1765, p. 2. London: printed by Mark Baskett, 1766.
Manuscript Division, Library of Congress. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web, http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/british/brit-2.html.

Women

Women in the American Revolution. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web, http://score.rims.k12.ca.us/score_lessons/women_american_revolution/.

Women of the American Revolution. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web, http://www.americanrevolution.org/women/women.php.

Women Soldiers in the Revolutionary War. Retrieved November 8, 2002 from the World Wide Web, http://userpages.aug.com/captbarb/femvets.html.

eBAy is another great source for finding engravings, documents, and other artifacts of the time period. It is amazing what you can find on the site. Recently someone was selling a bag of tea from the Boston Tea Party.

Keywords for Searching the Battle of Lexington

Battle of Lexington
Lexington Fight
Lexington Green
Lexington Common
Battle of Concord
Concord Fight
British Account of Battle of Lexington
April 19, 1775


Updated March 5, 2017
© 2002 Rita Bigham, Linda C. Joseph, and Linda D. Resch
All Rights Reserved


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