– Characteristics of organisms
– Life cycles of organisms
– Organisms and environment
– Structure and function in living systems
– Populations and ecosystems
– Diversity and adaptations of organisms
– Interdependence of organisms
– Understand measurable attributes of objects and the units, systems, and processes
– Apply appropriate techniques, tools, and formulas to determine measurements
Mathematics Number and
– Understand numbers, ways of representing numbers, relationships among numbers,
and number systems
– Understand meanings of operations and how they relate to one another
– Compute fluently and make reasonable estimates
Darby Creek, Ohio
Vegetation and Damselfly
Spring Fork Creek, Ohio
Darby Creek, Ohio
Eastern Red Turtle
Spring Fork Creek, Ohio
Don your boots. Grab a bucket, kick net, and water testing kit.
Then, head for the nearest creek for a great adventure. Discover
all sorts of creatures and plants that live in this aquatic habitat.
Investigate the health of the creek and its impact on the overall
environment. Observe and chart change over time by returning to the
site more than once. Be sure to follow safety procedures and to return
everything to its original location. Prepare for your journey by
visiting these Websites for information and lesson ideas.
Delta Labs, a non-profit organization, sponsors the Adopt-a-Stream
program for all ages. A 12-step guide leads you through the process
from registration to the actual stream analysis. An excellent article
on Testing Water Quality is a must read for teachers. The Water Detectives
(grades 4-8), The Ecological Exploration (grades 6-9), and The Ecological
Integrity (grades 9-12) teaching guides and student workbooks are
available on CD-ROM for a nominal cost.
Education – Iowa Department of Natural Resources
The Iowa DNR
has a variety of materials for educators and youth leaders. For
younger children, download the Aquatic Animals
Book that contains dot-to-dot, coloring, and drawing pages with a
sentence describing each animal. If you need quick information with
color illustrations, click on Aquatic Habitat and Species Fact Sheets.
These are organized by category on one page for easy access. Be sure
to read Goin’ with the Flow, a hands-on lesson about the Riparian
Zone of waterways. It includes complete details on how to plan and
implement the project, including a timeline, activities, and resources.
Big Darby Creek Watershed
Keeping the Big Darby Creek healthy has led to many conservation
programs in Columbus, Ohio and its surrounding communities. At the
Website, there is a fine example of the history of the creek from
a cultural, geological, and biological perspective. Ecosystems are
another interesting aspect of the watershed and provide insight into
past and present conditions. For instance, there are remnants of
the tallgrass prairie that once covered a vast section of Ohio.
Collecting Aquatic Insects
For those who want to make an inexpensive dip net for capturing
specimens, you will find an illustration showing how to improvise
with household items. Techniques for using the dip net are also explained.
Need guides for collecting, storing, and identifying aquatic insects?
The Michigan Odonata Survey functions as a gateway to loads
Creek Connections is a partnership between Allegheny College and
regional K-12 schools and uses the local waterways as outdoor laboratories.
Data collected from the studies is available to the public. Classroom
resources are an outstanding feature at this site. Water chemistry,
aquatic insect fact sheets, testing tips, and studying waterways
are some of the materials available for downloading and printing.
In addition, there are original word searches, Creek Geek Knowledgy,
and matching games. This is a great site for elementary teachers
and students. .
Frogwatch USA is a frog and toad monitoring program managed by the
National Wildlife Federation in partnership with the United States
Geological Survey. It gives you an opportunity to help scientists
conserve amphibians. With as little as 20 minutes a week you can
collect essential information to protect frogs and toads. Step-by-step
instructions are provided to assist you with the process of registering,
monitoring, and reporting.
Kids in the Creek
Gear up for a day at the creek testing Ph, water temperature, dissolved
oxygen, and collecting aquatic insects. Instructions and materials
needed are listed as well data sheets and graphs for testing water
quality. A Bug ID chart for identifying macroinvertebrates will help
students in their roles of director, recorder, technician, and materials
specialist. Directions for creating a fishless aquarium promote the
understanding of ecosystems. The site includes information and diagrams
of the metamorphosis of aquatic insects showing their life cycles.
Kids in the Creek is an excellent resource for assisting students
in learning how to assess the long-term health of streams.
This is a must read for teachers planning a field trip in which
students will study macroinvertebrates and water quality. It provides
a brief overview of macroinvertebrate anatomy, behavior, and ecology
with well placed illustrations. The entire document is an excellent
starting point, especially the section on sampling methods.
how one school district in California studied the Mission Creek
Watershed’s history, geology, and restoration. Photographs,
charts, and a guided tour provide information on creating an outdoor
experience to illustrate environmental concepts. Activities and
lesson plans are included for all age levels to promote an appreciation
and understanding of how streams work and why they are so important
ecologically. This project received the Distinguished Project of
the Year award for 2004 by the American Public Works Association
of Northern California.
Stream Invertebrates Resources
Meet the invertebrates
through art and photography. Follow the process of determining
the water quality of streams
by identifying water
life. Play the game Stoneflies and Aquatic Worms, and use the Identification
Key for stream insects. Print the macroinvertebrate count sheet to
assist in keeping a tally of creek life. Don’t miss the stream
invertebrate movie on habitats and water quality. The teacher guide
provides step-by-step instructions for using the movie with students.
Handouts for student work can be printed from the student guide.
The photographs of the Stream Team Does Critters will assist when
planning for a day at the stream. And don’t forget to take
Study (Cyberbee Learning)
how aquatic organisms can be indicators of water quality by taking
a macroinvertebrate count. Observe creek vegetation.
Sketch plants and trees. Keep a photo journal. Calculate stream
flow by measuring
of the creek.
the entire packet or individual sections.
Study Lesson (Complete Packet)
Using this lesson
students learn about the relationship between macroinvertebrates
and water quality. The lesson is geared to grades 6-12 and aligned
with the California State Standards.
Watch this video for instructions on how to measure stream flow.
flow of a stream through this hands-on lesson from the National
Park Service. The data sheet is easy to follow. Older students
can practice calculating stream flow using Go with the Flow,
an interactive tool.
Protect Your Streams, Protect Your Mountains
In this lesson
for grades 5-7, students build a watershed and learn about the
natural movement of water. They also discover how human activity
can be either detrimental or beneficial to the stream environment.
Florida's Educational Technology Clearinghouse offers over 7500
illustrations of a broad range of animals from the kingdom Animalia,
including amphibians, birds, crustaceans, fish, insects, mammals,
and reptiles. A friendly license allows teachers and students to
use up to 50 items in a single, non-commercial project without
Water Resources Clip Art Collection
If you need clip
art for a water quality project, this is the place to find it!