|National Content Standards
Below is a selected list of subject area content standards that
correspond to the study of agriculture. More specific national and
state standards can be applied depending on the lesson.
Economics Standard: Markets - Price and Quantity Determination
• Students will understand that markets exist when buyers
and sellers interact. This interaction determines market prices
and thereby allocates scarce goods and services.
English Language Arts
conduct research on issues and interests by generating ideas
and questions, and by posing problems. They gather, evaluate,
and synthesize data from a variety of sources (e.g., print and
non-print texts, artifacts, people) to communicate their discoveries
that suit their purpose and audience.
Environment and Society
• How human actions modify the physical environment
Standard: Problem Solving
• Build new mathematical knowledge through problem solving;
• Solve problems that arise in mathematics and in other contexts;
• Apply and adapt a variety of appropriate strategies to solve problems;
• Monitor and reflect on the process of mathematical problem solving.
Science Standard: Science in Personal and Social Perspective
• As a result of activities in grades K-4, all students should develop
understanding of science and technology in local challenges.
• As a result of activities in grades 5-8, all students should develop
understanding of science and technology in society.
• As a result of activities in grades 9-12, all students should develop
understanding of science and technology in local, national, and
Standard: Production, Distribution, and Consumption
• Social studies programs should include experiences that
provide for the study of how people organize for the production,
distribution, and consumption of goods and services.
Technology Standard: Technology problem-solving and decision-making
• Students use technology resources for solving
problems and making informed decisions.
• Students employ technology in the development of strategies for solving
problems in the real world.
"Agriculture is the
most healthful, most useful and most noble employment of man." — George
grown up on a family farm, there is something endearing about those
memories of free roaming chickens,
pigs cooling themselves
in the mud, cows following a wagon loaded with hay, cornstalks rustling
in the wind, and fresh apple pie. Farming practices have changed
significantly over the past fifty years. Family farms have decreased
and agribusiness has increased. New farming techniques have sparked
environmental, health, and safety debates. Foods that were once considered
seasonal are now available year round. Grocery stores feature sections
of organically grown food and offer more choices from whole grains
to special grades of meat. Uses for agricultural products have also
changed. In 2006, nearly eighteen percent of the nation’s corn
crop was used to produce ethanol, a renewable energy source. With
agricultural commodities so readily accessible in the United States,
it is easy to forget how the baked ham, green beans, pineapple, and
roll with butter arrived on the dinner plate in some countries, but
not in others. Learning about agricultural practices, economics,
and the importance of farming will go a long way in helping students
understand one aspect of global interdependence. Prepare your students
for a trip to a working farm by visiting these Websites.
4-H Virtual Farm
Discover daily farming operations by choosing a type of farm to
visit virtually. Choices include horse, aquaculture, beef, dairy,
poultry, and grain farms. Meet the farmer, learn about the production
process, study the vocabulary, and assess your knowledge. A combination
of video clips, photographs, text, and games are the instructional
tools for teaching basic concepts. This is a wonderful site if you
are unable to visit a farm.
Agriculture in the Classroom
Each state has an Agriculture in the Classroom program designed
to help students understand the role of agriculture in the economy
and society. State contacts, Websites, and summaries of accomplishments
are supplied. In addition, teachers can search or browse an extensive
online directory that lists hundreds of educational materials about
agriculture, locate state agricultural profiles, and use Science
in Your Shopping Cart to teach secondary students about high-tech
foods, biotechnology and careers. Students can access games and learn
about issues in the Teen Scene or Kid Zone. This site is a good starting
point for preparing curriculum.
State University Veterinarian Medical College has created a Website
to show students how the school manages
horses, poultry, goats, beef cows, goats and sheep. Click on the
aerial map to view different animal areas at the farm. Learn about
the value and care of each animal. Great photographs accompany the
information. Select the General Ag and History page for games and
more interactive fun.
Education in the Classroom
If you are looking
for teaching materials or ways to become involved in agriculture, visit this Website.
National Agricultural Library
of articles by keyword or browse by subject. Topics range from
livestock to crops and research.
Several online exhibits
and image galleries highlight the commitment to preserve and disseminate
rare books. Popcorn: Ingrained in America’s Agricultural History,
An Illustrated Expedition of North America: Bodmer and Maximillian
in the American West, and Nursery and Seed Trade Catalogs are three
outstanding examples. Original source material about individuals
such as George Washington Carver, RSS feeds on a variety of issues,
and the opportunity to ask questions further underscore the value
of this site for students and librarians.
Celebrate National Ag Day in your classroom or community. Each year
the program promotes American agriculture and its essential role
in maintaining a strong economy. The Agriculture Council of America
and corporate sponsors maintain a Website where you can download
the event planning guide, find background material, read fun facts,
join a mailing list, and order Ag Day posters. One event idea is
to organize a pizza party. Then, have students think about how ingredients
from their favorite food come from farms and ranches and how each
is processed and delivered to the grocery store or restaurant. Be
sure to check the site for more information.
National FFA Organization
Founded in 1928, the Future Farmers of America brought together
students, teachers and agribusiness to solidify support for agricultural
education. The organization serves over seven thousand chapters,
providing curriculum and news. FFA and Garfield have teamed up to
provide middle school students with learning activities about agriscience.
At KomicZone, students can create their own Garfield cartoon strip.
In AgWhiz, students score points by answering questions related to
agriculture. High school students in FFA are provided with information
about chapter funding, program activities, community service, and
scholarships. If you have never heard about FAA, check it out.
Children ages six through fifteen are the target audience at Pork4Kids.
Learn about pork as a product and how pigs are raised. Read stories
about farm families. Play games that promote knowledge and build
vocabulary. Send postcards to friends. Educators will find detailed
lesson plans, videos, and supplementary materials to use in the classroom.
Read to Feed
Exploring and feeding the world is the central theme of this site
for elementary students. Sounds of barn animals greet you when you
open the page so plan accordingly. A variety of activities are offered
that teach geography, math and vocabulary as well as life in different
cultures. Be sure to have students read the stories of Real Kids
where they meet children from around the globe. These serve as a
foundation for comparing farming in other countries.
USDA provides students, parents, and teachers with youth-geared information and resources related to agriculture.
Links to additional resources are also available. Elementary students
will be delighted with this Website.
Corn Field in 1950s
Corn Harvest 1950s
Corn Harvest Mid 2000s